2005 Peace Agreement Sudan

5.1. The parties agree on a lasting ceasefire between all their armed forces with the broader aim of maintaining the comprehensive peace agreement, promoting the culture of peace, promoting reconciliation and building trust; The Commission was appointed in October 2004 and consists of Antonio Cassese (President), Mohamed Fayek, Hina Jilani, Dumisa Ntsebeza and Thérèse Striggner-Scott. Although the Commission has reviewed all relevant events for the current conflict in Darfur, it has focused on incidents that occurred between February 2003 and mid-January 2005. The SPLM welcomed the UN peace support operation and hopes it can leave a representative in New York to present ideas for its deployment, he said. Many other issues had to be discussed and coordinated, including the size and other aspects of the peacekeeping mission. In its monitoring and auditing efforts, the United Nations would act in concert with other actors. They were among the details the movement would like to discuss with the United Nations if it is allowed to leave a delegation in New York. He also called on countries to make generous donations for the upcoming donor conference in Norway, in order to boost growth. Sudan had suffered for so long from the scourge of war and was determined to effect real change on the ground.

A prosperous Sudan, at peace with itself and its neighbours, has been good for the region, the continent and the world as a whole. He expressed confidence that the Council and the international community will spare no effort to help Sudan achieve these goals. On 20 September 2005, President Bashir adopted four decrees establishing the GoNU. The CPA formula for power-sharing was followed during the formation of the unity government. The GoNU consisted of a presidential assistant, 12 presidential advisers, 28 federal ministers and 33 ministers of state. The ASC has retained five sovereign ministries (presidency, home affairs, justice, defence and the federal government), six ministries of economy (finance, energy, irrigation, agriculture, international cooperation and animal resources) and four ministries of services (work and public service, culture and youth, social and advisory affairs and foundation). The SPLM received two ministries of sovereignty (Council of Ministers and Foreign Affairs), three ministries of economy (foreign trade, investment and transport) and three ministries of services (health, humanitarian affairs and higher education). The controversial Ministry of Energy and Mines was maintained by President NCP2`s opposition group, the National Democratic Alliance (NDA), won two ministerial seats on 27 November 2005.3 Other opposition parties showed no interest in joining the GoNU. The election in Southern Kordofan took place in May 2011. The result was controversial, resulting in clashes between the Sudanese armed forces and SPLM/A.1Despite disputes related to the election results, no problems were encountered with respect to intergovernmental relations. The commitments and autonomy of governments at different levels were defined in 2006 in state and state-level constitutions in South Sudan and at the national level in 2005.

(3) The agreed Arabic and English texts of the CPA are both official and binding in nature. in case of dispute over the meaning of a provision of the text and only if there is a difference in meaning between Arabic and English texts; the English text is authentic, because English was the language of peace negotiations. 27.4. Guarantees, secondary agreements and legislation are not in contradiction with this agreement and are also binding on the parties.