Commune Concilium – Norman equivalent of Anglo-Saxon Witan. The decision to decide, whether it was a judicial or military decision, was binding on the vassals. In 1066, William the Conqueror invaded England from France and spread the feudal framework over the country. The feudal relationship between Lord and Vasall has become the linchpin of English society. Becoming vassal was not a shame. Vassals had a higher overall status than the peasants and was considered the master of social status. They have taken leadership positions in their locality and have also served as counselors for gentlemen in feudal courts. Vassal, in feudal society, was invested with a fiefdom in exchange for services to a master. Some vassals had no fiefdoms and lived at the court of their master as his domestic knights. Some vassals that held their fiefdoms directly from the crown were tenants in the chief`s series and formed the most important feudal group, the barons.
A fiefdom held in the main part by the tenants of these tenants was called Arriere-Fief, and when the king summoned all the feudal host, he would have summoned the ban and arriere-ban. There were also female vassals; her husbands filled the services of their wives. Over time, the rights of the vassals to the fiefdoms became larger and larger, and soon the fiefdoms became hereditary in the sense that the investiture could not be denied to an heir who was willing to pay tribute. The rules of heritage tended to protect an undivided fiefdom and favoured the elder among the sons (Primogeniture). This principle was far from absolute; under pressure from young sons parts of an inheritance can be fixed for them as compensation (see Appanage). Vassals also acquired the right to alienate their fiefdoms, with the condition, first, the Lord`s consent and, later, by paying a particular tax. In the same way, they have obtained the right to submit – that is, to become masters themselves by granting part of their fiefdoms to their own vassals. If a vassal died without an heir or committed a crime, his fiefdom would return to the Lord (see escheat).
Feudalism was a political system based on an agreement or contract between two or more nobles. Feudalism was hierarchical: those at the top were strong, while those at the bottom were relatively weaker. The most powerful nobleman was at the top. He was called the Lord, while the weakest nobleman was commonly called vassal. In the feudal system, it was possible to be both a vassal (lower gentleman) and to have its own vassals. For example, the King of England was a colonel on the island, but because he also owned land in France, he was at the same time a vassal of the King of France. Relief – A fine paid by the heir of a vassal to the Lord for the privilege of the success of an estate. The vassal`s obligations could also include the provision of “advice,” so that if the Lord were faced with an important decision, he would prevent all his vassals and give advice.
At the manor level, it could be a fairly mundane issue for agricultural policy, but also a conviction by the gentleman for offences, including the death penalty in some cases. In the king`s feudal court, such a consultation could include the issue of the declaration of war. These are just examples; Depending on the time and place in Europe, feudal customs and customs varied. Before a lord could give someone (a fiefdom), he had to make that person a vassal. This is what happened in a solemn and symbolic ceremony, called a ceremony of praise, which consisted of the act in two parts of tribute and allegiance. During the tribute, the Lord and the Vassal concluded a treaty in which the Vassal promised to fight for the Lord at his command, while the Lord agreed to protect the vassal from the external forces.